Kinesiotherapy (Greek word kinesis – movement) is the area of physical therapy that deals with the use of the movement for the purpose of treatment, in order to establish optimal functioning of the parts and the organism as a whole.
Kinesiotherapy as part of physical therapy is one of the most important aspects of medical rehabilitation. It deals with the use of systematized movements of individual parts of the body or whole body in the form of exercises which preserve, establish, develop and replace functions of the locomotor apparatus, as well as organs and systems that are functionally related to the locomotion.
The goal of kinesiotherapy is to maximize the use of all the potential of the treated patient with the emphasis on optimal possible recovery of the damaged function of the locomotor apparatus.
Kinesiotherapy includes active and passive exercises.
Active exercises are divided into:
- Active assisted
- Active without assistance
- Active exercises with resistance.
It is applied in almost all medical specialties in numerous pathological conditions, but also as preventive.
Several anatomical structures are involved in the performance of one movement:
- Bone system
- Peripheral nervous system
- Central nervous system
The even greater importance of kinesiotherapy is precisely because the movement leads to the engagement of other organic systems: cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine and other.
That is why today kinesiotherapy is a mandatory part of rehabilitation not only for diseases and injuries of the bone and joint system, but also in diseases of the heart and blood vessels, diseases of the respiratory organs, nephrological, neurological and other patients.
It is important kinesiotherapy to be managed and dosage by a professional physiotherapist. Dosage of kinesiotherapy requires knowledge of the general state of the organism (cardiovascular system, respiratory system, nervous system, psychic readiness and motivation, patient’s interests, etc).
The therapeutic effects of kinesiotherapy are:
- Increased muscle strength and elasticity
- Increase the volume of mobility in the joints
- Improvement of the function of the cardiovascular system, respiratory organs, nervous system and digestive organs
- Improvement of circulation and acceleration of local metabolism and process of recovery of the organism as a whole
- Creating of a proper scheme of movements and motor activity
We implement the following forms of kinesiotherapy:
- Education of protective positions and movements
- Breathing exercises
- Relaxation exercises
- Kinesiotherapy for cervical syndrome
- Kinesiotherapy for lumbar syndrome
- Kinesiotherapy in peripheral arthrosis (gonarthrosis, corsarthrosis, arthrosis of small joints of the wrist)
- Kinesiotherapy after bone fracture, sports’ and other injuries (repair of contractures)
- Exercises for osteoporosis
- Corrective gymnastics (represents a set of physical exercises dosed by intensity, type and duration, which can be used preventively for children who have predispositions for the emergence of a postural deformity or therapeutic if they already exist)
- Exercises for scoliosis and kyphosis
- Exercises for the correction of flat feet.