Dental caries occur primarily due to insufficient proper oral hygiene and subsequent formation of tooth plaque on the surface of teeth. Plaque contains a large amount of bacteria which disrupt enamel and weaken its hardness. This stage is called demineralization and it manifests itself by a white stain on the tooth. At this moment it is possible to stop the caries without a drill by thorough hygiene and fluoride agents.
If caries are not found soon during a routine check-up, it starts to expand. First, it grows into the enamel layers and then into the dentine and subsequently into the deepest layers where it can cause complications like inflammation of dental pulp. Therefore, if caries is not treated in time, it penetrates to the dental pulp in the pulp cavity, in layman’s terms to the “nerve”, and causes death of the dental pulp and thus also of the whole tooth. High-quality root canal treatment represents a solution to this complication.
Several options can be used for a timely identification of dental caries. The basic options include a routine dental check-up during which a dentist identifies possible changes in the appearance of a tooth either visually or with the help of a dental probe. Another and a very precise option is dental X-ray. Unfortunately, we cannot identify starting caries ourselves by our feelings (pain), because it does not hurt in these stages. This stage is crucial for the treatment of dental caries so that it will not cause considerable losses of dental tissue. Pain becomes apparent when caries spread in the vicinity of the dental pulp. The affected tooth is sensitive to temperature stimuli, various kinds of food, often to sweet food, and we feel unpleasant sensations which can also include mouth odour.
A dentist treats dental caries with a dental drill. First, he removes all decaying dentine and adjusts the formed cavity (space where there is no dental tissue) into a shape in which the subsequently made filling will properly hold, protect the tooth and ensure the best possible appearance.
Currently, several quality filling materials are used to replace lost tooth parts.
They have better mechanical and aesthetic properties, look very natural and, unlike amalgam seals, do not contain mercury.
Modern composite materials, the so-called white fillings, which are suitable for almost all teeth, are used for dental fillings. They are highly aesthetic thanks to the so-called “multilayering” technique of their execution. This technique can be used to achieve a colour which is indistinguishable from natural teeth. They are very often used for the front parts of teeth where they guarantee high-quality results.
Ceramic fillings – onlay
Ceramic fillings represent the best there is in conservative dentistry. They are of a very high quality and perfectly fulfil the aesthetic function. Ceramic fillings are highly resistant and with proper care they have an unlimited life. They do not cause allergic reactions and there is no risk of secondary dental caries. Ceramic fillings are often used in the lateral part when there are larger tooth defects.
Replacement of original amalgam fillings
Old amalgam fillings do not look nice. They have a grey (sometimes even black) colour and the tooth around the filling assumes an unsightly appearance due to the metal corrosion. In some clients this can cause feelings of discomfort and uncertainty. Moreover, dental caries can occur again under old fillings and it can be noticed only in the late stages of the disease. This is why most clients today refuse amalgam (black) fillings and even ask for the replacement of their existing fillings.
Crowns, bridges, dentures
Are your teeth in less than an ideal condition and they do not work as they should? Do you need to have something done with the appearance of your teeth? We will prepare a complex treatment plan and choose a suitable type of prosthesis in order to ensure first-class function and achieve the best possible aesthetic result.
Missing teeth can be replaced in several ways:
- All-ceramic crowns
- Dental bridges
- Removable dentures
- Dental implants
- All-ceramic crowns
All-ceramic crowns are a modern method which makes it possible to meet requirements of most demanding clients. The main advantage of all-ceramic crowns is their resistance and very good appearance. All-ceramic crowns are almost indistinguishable from natural teeth.
The dental crown replaces one missing tooth and is most often metal-ceramic and all-ceramic. We produce the all-ceramic ones at the clinic, using patented technology, thus reducing the time spent in our office to tens of minutes.
A dental bridge replaces one or more teeth. As a rule, it is attached to the teeth surrounding the missing tooth and therefore, unlike a dental implant, it is necessary to grind adjacent teeth so that they can hold and fix the bridge. Most often it is made in a dental laboratory and its final result requires more visits to the dentist.
Removable dentures are in some cases a suitable solution for a dental defect. A removable prosthesis is used, for instance, in the absence of bone for dental implants. Within the framework of dental prosthetics, we offer several types of removable dentures, whether partial, combined or total.
Dental implant is the most effective and very gentle solution for dental restorations. You will appreciate this especially if you lost your tooth by accident or inflammation and need a fixed replacement. The dental implant reliably fills the gap after the torn/lost tooth and simultaneously, does not require grinding of healthy surrounding teeth to form a bridge. The inserted implant does not effect the surrounding teeth and its lifetime is indeed almost a lifetime.
Who are veneers suitable for?
From the aesthetic point of view, veneers can help achieve the natural appearance of teeth, change their colour or shape, change the position of individual teeth (orthodontic anomalies) and thus visually and functionally improve the position of teeth in occlusion.
If you have any of the below mentioned problems, veneer treatment is suitable for you and can significantly help you.
- Gaps between teeth
- Irregularities in the shape of teeth and imperfections (orthodontic anomalies) in occlusal
- Teeth with stains as a result of tetracycline treatment or white stains caused by fluorosis, hypo/hyperplasia
- Old fillings, which differ from other teeth by their colour
- Large tooth fractures
- Old non-aesthetic crowns or veneers.
Advantages of veneers
Veneers have a range of advantages in comparison with other methods used for tooth reconstruction in aesthetic dentistry:
- They look very natural and they give a tooth healthy appearance, ideal shape and colour
- The border between a veneer and a natural tooth is not visible
- They do not colour themselves which means that even after ten years your teeth will be white and shining
- They are resistant to stains from tea, coffee, red wine or cigarettes, because the ceramics used in dentistry is a very resistant and impermeable material
- They do not need any special care or restoration after a long period of use
- They have unlimited life with high-quality care for teeth and proper dental hygiene
- If damaged, for example, as a result of an injury, the individual damaged veneer can be easily replaced without any need to adjust the remaining veneers.
What are veneers?
Veneers are made of a thin (0.5 – 0.8 mm) ceramic construction which imitates the front surface of front teeth. Veneers are made in a dental laboratory on the basis of the client’s dental impression and then they are glued with special cement to the treated tooth. Veneers are made according to the shape and colour of the client’s teeth or according to his request. This technology enables successful imitation of the appearance of natural teeth and at the same time hides all deficiencies under the veneer. The treated tooth becomes stronger and its colour does not differ from other teeth. This method is minimally invasive. Highly aesthetic appearance can be achieved without unnecessarily extensive preparation (cutting) and damage to natural teeth. The method is sometimes called ENAMEL RESTORATION
It is no secret that clean teeth do not rot. Therefore, dental hygiene is an integral part of modern stomatology and besides regular preventive visits, it helps to keep teeth naturally clean, without pigmentation, tartar and especially without caries. Our dental hygiene experts will help you navigate a number of dental aids, learn to handle them and find exactly the home care procedure that matches your dental condition.
Why is dental hygiene so important?
Thanks to bacteria, plaque deposition in hard-to-reach areas, such as interdental spaces, creates an acidic environment that damages hard dental tissues, most often resulting in tooth decay. Also, dental plaque together with pigmentation does not look aesthetically good. Over time, the mature plaque mineralizes to form tartar. Without prior care, the patient is faced with gingivitis, and unfortunately, there is a disease called Periodontitis, an inflammation of the pendulum of the tooth, which is often mistaken for hereditary disease.
Initial dental hygiene – Includes removal of soft coatings and tartar using ultrasonic equipment and hand tools. The Air-Flow device removes pigment spots, most often caused by the consumption of coffee, teas, coloured drinks and food, and smoking. It also includes an assessment of the oral cavity, selection of the right dental aids and training of cleaning techniques.
Since time immemorial, people have longed for a healthy and white smile. At our clinic, we have provided a whitening system, which is completely safe and you do not have to worry about any damage to your enamel. However, an important aspect of effective whitening is mastered perfect home hygiene. It is not possible to whiten teeth in case of caries or gum inflammation, tartar and pigmentation.
How does it work?
During your first visit, your treatment specialist will make perfect imprints of your teeth, and your dental laboratory will make perfect tight carriers for use with the whitening gels for the next 14 nights. The gels you receive from your attending specialist should be kept cool, preferably in the refrigerator. In the case of combined bleaching, on the fifteenth day, you will receive the final whitening in the dental hygiene office.