What is Stroke Rehabilitation?
Stroke Rehabilitation – is a condition in which the blood supply to the brain is suddenly interrupted.
Two basic types of stroke:
– ischemic, when the cause of the disorder is blockage, narrowing of the artery, atherosclerosis and thrombosis in the arteries of the brain.
– hemorrhagic, when a weakened bloodvessel ruptures.Comprehensive rehabilitation can significantly reduce the risk of death from the effects of stroke, restore lost functions, self-help skills, improve the mental health.
- Physiotherapy: improves the health and mental state of the patient. Its positive results greatly affect the success of rehabilitation in various diseases. Exercises contribute to strengthening muscles, building the endurance of the body, intensifying blood circulation, improving respiratory and cardiac functions and stabilizing the balance.
- Kinesiotherapy: an effective form of physiotherapy, in which a specific therapeutic result is achieved by means of special physical exercises. In other words, kinesiotherapy – is the treatment by active and passive movements, therapeutic gymnastics.
- Occupational therapy and recovery of self-help skills
- Bobath therapy: a recognized type of therapy for patients with congenital malformations of the brain and other central nervous system diseases.
- Electrotherapy: various types of analgesic electrotherapy.
1. IF –interfering currents are important for reducing pain, reducing edema, increasing blood flow through tissues, improving muscle tone. Our specialists use very high frequencies and with the help of special types electrodes we achieve, in addition to the analgesic effect, also the blood and lymph influx.
2. DD – diadynamic currents are used on the surface of the skin, as well as in acute conditions, to reduce pain, reduce inflammation, normalize muscle tone and reduce muscle spasms. Currents are strongly recommended in combination of various forms of diadynamic currents only for limb injuries.
3TENS – by using surface electrodes, thick afferent nerve fibers are stimulated-an additional flow of impulses to spinal cord. This therapy is recommended for reducing local pain, stimulating muscles and for rheumatic diseases.
- PNF stretching: the philosophy of treatmentis to help the patient effectively increase motor function, by using all the sensory receptors. PNF stretching is built according to the principles: P – ProprioceptiveN – Neuromuscular F – Facilitation.
The concept of this method was the thesis on the function of the “proprioceptive nervous system”. In all muscles, joints, ligaments, there are proprioceptors that respond to stretching or contraction. With the help of certain manipulations we affect these receptors and can stimulate, initiate and facilitate the performance of any movement (whole body or limb, even the movements of the eyelids and mimic muscles).
- Paraffin therapy: paraffin mass applied to a selected area, stimulates a gradual increase in body temperature. There are various methods of paraffin therapy: layering, paraffin bath, cuvette-applique.
Layering- melted paraffin at temperature 55-65 ° C is applied to the corresponding surface of the skin with a flat paint brush 1-2 cm thick. Then the part of the body exposed to paraffin is covered with oilcloth or wax paper and wrapped with a blanket or special coat.
Paraffin bath–a wrist or foot is first coated with paraffin at temperature of 50-55 ° C and then dipped in a vessel, filled with melted paraffin at temperature of 60-65 ° C. To enhance the effect, thermos gloves and thermo boots are used.
Cuvette-applique- melted paraffin is poured into the cuvettes, lined with medical oilcloth. Frozen, but still soft paraffin, is removed from the cuvette with the oilcloth and imposedonthe exposed part of the body, and then covered with a blanket or thermo blanket.
- Speech therapy: department of communication and swallowing disorders deals with the diagnosis and rehabilitation ofthe communication functions violations (tongue function, speech improvement), swallowing from childhood to the elderly years.
- Armeo Spring: rehabilitation complex for functional therapy of upper limbs with extended feedback. The effectiveness of rehabilitation increases through functional, intensive and directed exercises.
- EKSO Bionics (Exoskeleton): exoskeleton therapy for people with impaired functions of the musculoskeletal system has long been a reality. Treatment can be reached with the help of the newest robot in the clinic ‘’Anagennisi’’, Greece.
- BTS Nirvana: an outstanding therapeutic method. Rehabilitation activities, featuring audio-visual Incentives (more than 160 exercises), provoke in patients perceptual and cognitive involvement and are very motivational, help develop motor skills, restore coordination and maintain balance.